The authors and dates of most hindu sacred texts are unknown, although the oldest text the vedas are estimated to date from as early as 1500 bce. Unlike christianity or islam, it is a not a religion that is governed by the book. Its origin can be traced back to the prehistoric era with its ancient scriptures dating back more than four thousand years, but no specific point of origin can be cited. A concise explanation of the main hindu holy books. Another hindu holy book that deals with religious duties is law of manu or the dharma shastra. Religionfacts does not necessarily endorse the contents of these books. Which religion did dravidians follow before the advent of. The god shiva is part of the hindu trinity, along with vishnu and brahma.
Hinduism is neither monotheistic nor restricted to one religious scripture. The author, through an exhaustive examination of vedic, brahmanic and srauta sutric. God and religious tolerationhinduism wikibooks, open books. Download the bible, the holy quran, the mahabharata and thousands of free pdf ebooks on buddhism, meditation etc. I hope that from this short introduction to the holy books of hinduism it is apparent that hindus consider a great variety of literature important, and that this literature is as diverse and complex as it is beautiful. The beliefs and practices of the preclassical era 1500500 bce are called the historical vedic religion. Discusses hindu cosmogonies from the standpoint of hinduism s distinctive treatment of sacred sound as its heart and soul p. The historical vedic religion refers to the religious ideas and practices among most indoaryanspeaking peoples of ancient india after about 1500 bce. Hinduism download books, sacred, spiritual texts and pdf. However, some of these books and songs became more popular than others and came to define the culture and religion we know today as hinduism. This sacred text is divided into two main sections, the old testament and the new testament which are then further divided into various books. Vedic religion also influenced buddhism and jainism. In the wars that occur in the holy books, as in mahabharta, the.
The religious scriptures are not followed word to word. It has influenced and been affected by other world. Instead, hinduism has a large body of spiritual texts that guide. He rejected the sacred thread ceremony, rejects the caste system and says there is only. These ideas and practices are found in the vedic texts, and they were one of the major influences that shaped contemporary hinduism. If i want people in other religions to consider reading the bible, then should i be willing to return the favor and read their holy books. The shruti refers to the body of most authoritative, ancient religious texts, believed to be eternal knowledge authored. Jun 07, 2008 all hindus know that some books are considered holy by everyone, and not every book written by every author becomes holy. Hinduism is an indian religion and dharma, or way of life, widely practised in the indian subcontinent and parts of southeast asia.
In spite of this diversity, there are few of its aspects which do not rely in some way or the other on the authority of indian religious literature. The vedas sanskrit veda, knowledge are a large body of texts originating in ancient india. Introduction hinduism stands for the faith and the way of life most of the people who live in india. It began thousands of years ago in india, and it is the main religion of india today. Many americans, who probably have little chance to meet any hindus, have a vague notion that hinduism has something to do with bearded swamis, sacred cows, and mahatma gandhi. Apr 03, 20 that is why there are many holy books in hinduism. The reasons for such a treatment forms the subject matter of this book. Around 1750 bc aryan invaders from central asia settled in north west india and introduced their own religious. Itihasas in hindu religious context this term refers to the mahabharata and the ramayana but may also be used in reference to all kinds of indian epic. Hinduism does not have a single holy book that guides religious practice. Hinduism has neither a specific moment of origin nor a specific founder.
It delves into all aspects of the religion but nevers gets dry. They got their present form between 1200200 bce and were introduced to india by the aryans. It is the oldest major religion with a tradition reaching back millennia and having many notable peaks and periods of glory. Hinduism is practised by more than 80% of indias population. More than a billion people are followers of indias eternal faith. Hinduism has developed over about 4,000 years and has no single founder or creed. Far from a monolithic theistic tradition, the religion comprises thousands of gods, a complex caste system, and hundreds of languages and dialects. Hindu worldviews stands strong in a field that has been reinvestigating methodologies, bridging the sometimes overlooked aspects of religions and cultures as missed by the colonizing gaze. Brahmanism,also known as protohinduism, was an early religion in the indian subcontinent that was based on vedic writing. Hinduism a brief overview of the development of hinduism.
The cosmogonic potential of sound in the syllable o. Hinduism just the facts on religions religionfacts. Whats the difference between hinduism and the vedic religion. The upanishads by anonymous, the gita way secret recipe to achieve the purpose of life by shweta chandra, autobiography of a. There is something called pramana, authority, which our acharyas have recognised, and as per the acharyas a set of books are considered primary texts, whereas, other books based on these primary books can also be referred to. However, the holy books in hinduism are the basis on which we have evolved our culture and way of. Nathan mcgoverns the snake and the mongoose is a welcome addition to a rapidly expanding corpus of scholarship that is dedicated to correcting fundamental misunderstandings of ancient indian history through principled textual research, new translations, and the taking of various emic accounts and theories seriously. The upanishads were so called because they were taught to those who. Hindu scriptures and holy books are divided mainly into two categories viz sruti and smriti.
Jun 27, 20 it differs from western religions in many aspects. The holy books in hinduism are there only for guidance. If youre interested in knowing the most important aspects of the longest lasting religion in history, this reading list is for you. Hindus call their religion sanatama dharma, eternal religion or eternal truth. He rejects all religious customs of both hindus and muslims. Difference between hinduism and christianity islam maria wirth. This is affirmed by virtually all traditional hindus, and those who reject its authority such as buddhists and jains are regarded as unfaithful to. Hinduism hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the world.
Vedic writing refers to the vedas, the hymns of the aryans, who if they actually did so, invaded in the second millennium b. Flood traces the development of hindu traditions from ancient origins and the major deities to the modern world. Modern hinduism grew out of the vedas, the oldest of which is the rigveda. These are the most ancient religious texts which define truth for hindus. Online books on hinduism, hindu religion, hindu culture, shastras, hindu scripture, vedas, upanishad, hindu saints, sages, science and hinduism.
Others feel that since religions are legally and socially greatly privileged in todays world, it would be a big blunder to leave this field to christianity and islam who would triumphantly wade into that vacuum. Apr 24, 2014 a few years ago, pastor john was asked a question about reading the quran and other such religious books. Hinduism origins, hinduism history, hinduism beliefs. Judaism, christianity and islam all consider jerusalem an important holy site, but for different reasons. Sruti belongs to the vedic period while smriti belongs to postvedic period. Koenraad elst debates the definition of hindu in his book who is a hindu. It is therefore not surprising that scholars have been hesitant to. In former times dominated the god of war and intolerance indra. Hinduism is the worlds oldest religion, according to many scholars, with. Feller learn with flashcards, games, and more for free. Other holy scriptures in hinduism are called the upanisads, the smrutis, the puranas, the ramayana and the. But why is it that people dont really have a good answer when asked, what is hinduism. The torah was revealed to moses as on the mountain.
Brahmanism, ancient indian religious tradition that emerged from the earlier vedic religion, emphasizing the status of the brahman, or priestly, class, in contrast to the later form of hinduism that stressed devotion to particular deities such as shiva and vishnu. Vedic period of hinduism starts with the protohistoric hinduism early vedic period, until approx. The knowledge in the vedas is believed in hinduism to be eternal, uncreated, neither authored by human nor by. Hinduism is the largest and oldest religion on earth almost 5,000 years old. Starting with this working definition, let us probe a little more into the subject. As you can see, this classification is not valuefree because it deliberately marks one form of religion as false conventional religion and another as genuine true religion. There is no founder, and there is no fixed moment of origin. Such internal plurality inspires vastly ranging rites and practices amongst hinduism s hundreds of millions of adherents. Sruti literally means that what is revealed and smriti means that what is remembered. Hindus can choose to be polytheistic, pantheistic, monotheistic, monistic, agnostic, atheistic or humanist. Something like do religious traditions alter suicide rates.
Frazier does careful work in engaging the classical hindu worldviews towards her second goal of finding a more global theory of everything, as well as. But here the term aryan was just coined by the british historians in order to divide and rule. Hinduism a brief overview of the development of hinduism there are several important historical facts about hinduism that are relevant to the humanist context. When transmitted orally certain interpretations may occur, especially when translated into different languages. They had come from a culture where religions were clearly defined. A collection of handselected books on hinduism, chosen on the basis of apparent usefulness and quality.
What are all the different holy books of all the different. Vedic religion was gradually formalized and concluded into vedanta. Brahmanism, also known as protohinduism, was an early religion in the indian subcontinent that was based on vedic writing. Even if youre not a hindu or thinking of becoming one this book is very interesting. Buddhism is a religion that was founded by siddhartha gautama the buddha more than 2,500 years ago in india. If you want to buy any of them you can visit our website mypustak. Hinduism holy book important books and writings of hinduism. Todays definition of a hindu is someone who fulfills customs and rituals known for generations. The neo hinduism is based on ramakrishna and represents the unity of all religions.
This part gives an indepth account of the oppression in the apartheid caste system, and the restrictions placed on the subjugated races with full quotations and references to the sacred scriptures that sanction these. Hinduism is hardly a dogma but a working hypothesis of human conduct adapted to different stages of spiritual development and different conditions of life. He felt that muslim prayer was too formal, and he rejected hindu idols. It is but natural that people all over the world should show increasing interest in a religion with so universal an appeal. Hinduism is currently followed by onefifth of humankind. Hinduism, one of the great religions of the world, is the major religion of india, where nearly 85 percent of the population is classified as hindu. Comes into its current form between 200 bce and 200 ce.
Hinduism is an ancient religion with diverse traditions such as vaishnavism, shaivism. The vedic period is held to have ended around 500 bc, vedic religion gradually metamorphosizing into the various schools of hinduism, which further evolved into puranic hinduism. She whispers, in the religion section, under holy bible and holy quran. Is it true that one can not convert to hinduism from any other religion or vice versa. The most ancient sacred texts of the hindu religion are written. The four vedas the rig veda, the sama veda, the yajur veda and. They differ from literary texts by being a compilation or discussion of beliefs, mythologies, ritual practices, commandments or laws, ethical conduct, spiritual aspirations, and for creating or fostering a religious community. True that the hindu religion presently most accepted, was developed through the vedic senses cultivated by the so called aryans. Composed in vedic sanskrit, the texts constitute the oldest layer of sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of hinduism. Hindus believe that the vedas texts were received by scholars direct from. He is considered to be everything by those who worship him. Differences between hinduism and buddhism free essays. Issues of yajna practices in the present days will be addressed along with their relevance. With about 470 million followers, scholars consider buddhism one of.
I think you are thinking of hinduism as a structured religion, which is not true. All are available for purchase on click book images for details. Hinduism, as the worlds most ancient surviving religion, could have it no other way. Religious texts are texts related to a religious tradition. Sacred mount kailash in tibet is regarded as the spiritual abode of shiva the earliest evidence for prehistoric religion in india date back to the late neolithic in the early harappan period 55002600 bce. These billion verses are summarized into 700 verses by lord krishna in his bhagavad gita, as confirmed by adi shankr. Online books on hinduism, hindu religion, hindu culture. About the book in all religions of the world which maintain sacrificial rituals and in which the portion offered to gods is given to fire, that portion is normally offered raw except in vedic india, where its previous cooking is necessary. Its interesting to note that the book noted hinduism is the oldest religion in the world. Scholars describe hinduism as the product of religious development in india that spans nearly 4,000 years, making it perhaps the oldest surviving world. Hindu festivals are combinations of religious ceremonies, semiritual spectacles, worship, prayer, lustrations, processions, music and dances, eating, drinking, lovemaking, licentiousness, feeding the poor, and other activities of a religious. They are collectively known as tantras or agamas, and refer to religious observances, yoga, behavior, and the proper selection and design of temple sites. They are supposed to have been directly revealed, and thus are called sruti what is heard.
Hinduism consists of many different groups who worship different dieties. Hindu scriptures and holy books hinduism facts hinduism facts. Prior to the start of the common era, the hindu texts were composed orally, then memorized and transmitted orally, from one generation to next, for more than a millennia before they were written down into manuscripts. Hinduism is a perpetually evolving collection of an astounding array of philosophical, ritual, and devotional traditions. Brahmanism gets its name due to its reverence for the overwhelming power of brahman and also from the class of priests who commune with brahman. The sacred books of the east sbe series, comprising fifty volumes, was issued by the. It has been described that number of verses that exist in all of the various types of hindu scriptures, as below, total 1 billion. Hinduism, has many holy books, but most popular is shreemad bhagavad gita, upanishads and veda. Religion is a way of life in india, where hinduism is practiced by over eighty percent of the population. Raimon panikkar 19182010 made pioneering contributions in the areas of interreligious dialogue, comparative theology, and the phenomenology of religion, while bridging different religions and cultures christianity, buddhism, hinduism, and effected insightful conversation between the socalled sacred and secular worlds. People who follow the ideas of hinduism are called hindus. Sacred books of the east index internet sacred text. This includes the captivating culture, the myths and the stories from the past which is present in their holy scriptures. There is no single scripture as it is in other religions like christianity and islam.
The vedas and these other works are further divided into two sections. Hinduism is such an ancient religion that it had many types of beliefs and religious practices. Join now to read essay the sacred books in hinduism and buddhism sacred books, in my opinion, are the most important things that can preserve the knowledge of religion. Join our vedic books family by subscribing to our newsletter and keeping up with divine. Feb 07, 2012 the jews, christians and muslims all have books that come from the same god, whereas you have books from different gods. The book is compiled mainly from articles of hinduism today magazine and is filled with wonderful illustrations. Hinduism is the worlds third most popular religion, with around 750 million followers.
Writings originally meant for the betterment of life of the common people took up the form of holy books such as the vedas, upanishads and puranas which existed to enlighten practitioners. In the 6th century bc, developed in india the yoga movement. Hinduism was given name to the lifestyle of people from east of indus valley by the islamic invaders from middle east. Hinduism is a collective term applied to the many philosophical and religious traditions native to india.
Judaism, christianity and islam share many of the same stories of these prophets in their holy books. Hence, sruti is what ancient hindu saints heard during deep meditation. The tanakh jewish bible is often compared to the christian old testament. Islam has its quran or koranand its an arabic original that differs greatly from jewish and christian bibles. Muhammad saw was given the holy quran through divine intervention throughout his lifetime. The holy vedas is an exceptional anthology of verses taken from the revered four vedas of hindu mythology, translated into english for the benefit of the mass the four vedas of hindu culture, the rigveda, yajurveda, atharvaveda, and samaveda, are considered to be the scriptures that defined the lifestyle and beliefs of all hindus. The core philosophy of hinduism is lost during the transition from the vedic religion to what we call today as hinduism. All three abrahamic religions believe that followers are required to obey a moral code that have been presented by the prophets. Predating hinduism by centuries, brahmanism, nonetheless, is eerily similar to hinduism. The holy books of world religions sacred texts in world. Hindus value many sacred writings as opposed to one holy book. There are a number of scriptures and holy books in hinduism. In dualistic schools of hinduism such as the theistic dvaita vedanta, brahman is different from atman soul in each being.
Information on hinduism for kids primary homework help. Water, fruit, flowers and incense are offered to the gods. We will expound on this classification when we reach it, but for now it might be helpful to adopt a valuefree classification of major world religions into two categories. Vedas and upanishadas are the most authoritative amongst all hindu scriptures and holy books. Hinduism as both a global religion and a form of nationalism are discussed. Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, and some practitioners and scholars refer to it as sanatana dharma, the eternal tradition, or the eternal way, beyond human history. Hindus subscribe to a diversity of ideas on spirituality and traditions, but have no ecclesiastical order, no unquestionable religious authorities, no governing body, no prophets nor any binding holy book. Hinduism download books, sacred, spiritual texts and pdf e. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In modern times, most ancient texts have been translated into other indian languages and some in western languages. All about hinduism is intended to meet the needs of those who want to be introduced to the various facets of the crystal that is hinduism. Sir monier monier williams in brahmanism and hinduism, p. Hinduism hindu holy books explanation sheet teacher made.
Hindu texts are manuscripts and historical literature related to any of the diverse traditions. Hinduism holy book important books and writings of hinduism sacred text of hinduism some important books and writings on hinduism hinduism does not possess a single holy book like bible in christianity and quran in islamic dharma. Hinduism is divided into different categories such as brahmanic hindus, vedic hindus, reformed hindus, devotional hindus and more. What are the names of the abrahamic religions holy books. This book provides a muchneeded thematic and historical introduction to hinduism, the religion of the majority of people in india. What is blasphemy according to hinduism and its holy books. The sacred books in hinduism and buddhism research paper. The religion of hinduism originated in northern india, near the river indus, about 4000 years ago and is the worlds oldest existing religion. For christians they also include a new testament whic. The most holy of the hindu books is written in sanskrit and is referred to as the vedas.1300 392 55 681 453 173 337 750 1232 340 1487 301 724 131 43 1267 1435 548 1381 1204 307 286 551 72 1491 791 862 271 269 128 807 41 229 1212 314 458